Picture courtesy of Moldovatransgaz
6 Promoters’ Submissions
for Natural Gas for TYNDP 2022
Following the information provided by promoters, ENTSOG has aggregated the submitted investments according to a strictly functional-related criteria.
- In case of an interconnector connecting two (or more) countries, two (or more) different promoters are usually involved;
- A new LNG terminal or storage may need a new evacuation pipeline to connect them to the gas network and in some cases the two investments might be promoted by different entities;
- In some cases, projects connecting the EU to new supply sources are composed of different projects (and in some cases promoted by different subjects) whose full realisation is a prerequisite to connect the new source.
In all above cases, investments carried on by different promoters need to be implemented together for the overall project to materialise. These should then be considered as a single “aggregated” project.
Based on this, for TYNDP 2022 promoters submitted 112 gas infrastructure projects i. e. transmission, UGS and LNG projects. In TYNDP 2020 promoters submitted 142 gas infrastructure projects
6.1 Gas transmission pipeline projects
including compressor stations (TRA)
80 transmission and compressor stations projects have been submitted to TYNDP 2022. These projects can be summarised according to the following categories:
- 25 interconnection projects between two or more countries. In some cases, only one side of the interconnection has been submitted since the other part is already existing or the project consists of the creation of additional capacity at the same IP where an interconnection already exists;
- 20 projects related to the construction of compressor or metering stations;
- 5 projects related to new import or production development;
- 20 projects concerning upgrade, modernisation or enhancement of the system
- 3 reverse flow projects;
- 6 infrastructure projects supporting the switch from low-calorific gas to high-calorific gas in Germany, France, Netherlands and Belgium;
- 1 project concerning methanisation of new areas (Sardinia).
The following map shows the list of all projects concerning transmission and compressor (or metering) stations development. Evacuation pipelines to connect regasification terminals or storages are considered as part of sections 6.2 or 6.3.
Map for transmission and compressor station projects in TYNDP 2022
6.2 Reception and storage and regasification
or decompression facilities for liquified naturals gas or compressed natural gas (LNG)
Map for LNG regasification terminals
(including evacuation pipelines)
6.3 Underground storage facility (UGS)
Map for gas storage
projects in TYNDP 2022
6.4 Further Details on the TYNDP 2022 promoters’ submissions for Natural GAs projects
In order to provide more detailed and transparent information, all the statistics described in the following sections consider:
- Individual investments submitted by different promoter not aggregated as described in section 6 but considered as many projects as promoters submitting the investment. To each of these investments an individual TYNDP code is assigned. For example, for an interconnector between two countries two separate investments are considered. The same approach is applied for LNG terminals (or UGS projects) and the evacuation pipeline(s) needed to connect the terminal (or the storage) to the gas grid;
- For projects developed in different phases, each phase as an individual investment and the whole project as multiple projects;
- Some promoters have submitted individual facilities as separate investments (e. g. compressor station and pipe as individual project submissions) whereas others have joined together a number of investment in one project (e. g. compressor station and pipe under a single project submission).
Therefore, the high level of investments should be considered in the context of the above considerations.
143 Investments aim to transport, store or receive natural gas, also in liquid form.
Figure 11 provides the overview for this submission, compared to the previous TYNDP editions, emphasising the comparison for natural gas submissions (NG).
From the graph the following conclusions can be drawn:
- Due to the completion of 32 investments since TYNDP 2020 and to the investments with commissioning years 2023, the European infrastructure is reinforced and has shown the resilience in the energy crisis following Russian invasion in Ukraine;
- The total number of natural gas investments are declining, showing that the European gas infrastructure is well advanced. In particular during the second project collection, new investments have been submitted with the objective to mitigate internal bottlenecks (change in flow directions) and bring additional LNG to Europe to ensure security of supply also in phases of high demand following the decrease of Russian supply;
- As further elaborated in the assessment chapters, the aggregated number of existing and planned infrastructures in TYNDP 2022 confirms that more infrastructure development is needed in some specific areas to strengthen the security of supply and to improve diversification.
6.4.1 Overview per type and status
From the total of 358 Investments included in TYNDP 2022, 143 natural gas Investments have been submitted for the categories TRA, LNG and UGS (40 %).
Compared to 187 Investments in these three categories in TYNDP 2020 it can be observed for this TYNDP 2022 edition that there is a reduction to 143 investments. This reduction is relevant for all three categories TRA, LNG and UGS. The reduction stems from:
- The application of the ENTSOG PID that sets clear administrative and technical criteria to be matched by promoters and projects in order to be considered eligible for inclusion in the TYNDP;
- Completed projects have in the meantime further contributed to the reduction of the infrastructure gaps;
- Development and inclusion of hydrogen becomes more and more important
The following figures and tables provide a statistical overview of promoters’ submissions (see TYNDP Annex A for further details) based on information such as the type of infrastructure or the FID/PCI status. The Annex A reports reflect all the details entered as part of the data collection process by project promoters.
Figure 12 presents an overview of all the investments accepted for inclusion in TYNDP 2022 per type of infrastructure for natural gas.
Figure 13 shows the breakdown of TYNDP 2022 natural gas projects by project maturity status.
Due to the information collected, it has been possible to identify investments submitted for TYNDP 2020 that were not active anymore but for which promoters had missed to previously report the information to ENTSOG or that were deleted or not resubmitted.
Regarding transmission investments an overall reduction of number of investments can be seen, 31 have been completed since TYNDP 2020, while 41 investments have been cancelled or not resubmitted and 30 new TRA investments have been submitted.
Considering LNG projects, 1 LNG terminal related investment (LNG terminal Krk 1st phase) has been commissioned since TYNDP 2020 while nine investments were not resubmitted. However, eleven new LNG investments were newly submitted. Most of this new LNG investments have been submitted in the second project collection phase. The need for additional import possibilities has been mainly driven by security of supply issues after the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the aim of EU Member States to reduce Russian supply dependency.
Among the UGS submissions evolution from TYNDP 2020 to TYNDP 2022, two TYNDP 2020 investments have been cancelled or not been resubmitted while two new investments in TYNDP 2022 are planned. The new UGS projects are an enhancement project in Italy (UGS-N-1182) and a storage modernisation in Romania (UGS-N-606). Ten Investments were resubmitted and thus the amount of UGS submissions is very stable. The UGS project South Kavala has been resubmitted but under the project category HYD with the objective to store pure hydrogen in the future (HYD-N-385).
The next table provides an overview of all cancelled projects. It should be noted that project TRA-A-283 “3rd IP between Portugal and Spain (pipeline Celorico – Spanish border)” submitted by Portuguese TSO Ren and Project UGS-N-914 ‘UGS Damasławek’ submitted by Polish TSO GAZ-SYSTEM have been cancelled for natural gas but have been re-introduced to TYNDP 2022 as new projects aiming to transport or storage direct from the commissioning pure hydrogen (HYD-N-1156 & HYD-N-981):
|Project code||Project name||Status|
|TRA-N-9||Additional Southern developments||Cancelled|
|LNG-A-32||Project GO4LNG LNG terminal Gothenburg||Cancelled|
|TRA-A-273||Poland - Czech Republic Gas Interconnection (PL section)||Cancelled|
|TRA-A-283||3rd IP between Portugal and Spain (pipeline Celorico-Spanish border)||Cancelled|
|TRA-A-320||Carregado Compressor Station||Cancelled|
|TRA-N-354||Interconnection with Slovenia||Cancelled|
|TRA-N-596||Interconnection between the RO and the UA gas transmission systems||Cancelled|
|TRA-A-621||Poland - Ukraine Gas Interconnection (PL section)*||Cancelled|
|TRA-F-937||Nord Stream 2||Cancelled|
|TRA-N-1202||GCP GAZ-SYSTEM/ONTRAS – incremental capacity project||Cancelled|
|TRA-F-1241||Interconnection with production in Gela||Cancelled|
|TRA-N-1246||Greece – Italy interconnection||Cancelled|
|TRA-N-1227||Gorizia plant upgrade||Cancelled|
|*The extension of capacities at Poland – Ukraine interconnection is now considered as part of TRA-F-245 - North – South Gas Corridor in Eastern Poland.|
In order to be able to make a comparison at the maturity level between the TYNDP 2020 and the TYNDP 2022 submission, the graph below shows for TYNDP 2020 the project status only for the natural gas projects i.e. transmission, LNG and UGS.
For this TYNDP a majority of TRA, LNG and UGS projects is in the advanced status. In the previous TYNDP 2020 the highest number of projects were recorded in status “less advanced”. For status FID a reduction can be seen, which can be interpreted by the high number of commissioned projects.
More in details, of the 35 FID natural gas initiatives in TYNDP 2022
- 15 were already FID in TYNDP 2020
- 9 with Advanced status in TYNDP 2020 took the FID
- 6 with Less-Advanced status in TYNDP 2020 took the FID
- 5 were not submitted for TYNDP 2022
Submissions with the Less-Advanced status show a decrease based on one hand of project maturity progress as some projects reached the advanced or even the FID status and on the other hand the decrease is reported because many projects with this maturity status have not been resubmitted for TYNDP 2022.
6.4.2 Overview of promoters’ investments
per geographical location
The following charts provide a summary of promoters’ submissions based on their geographical location, infrastructure type and maturity status for investments in the area of natural gas categories.
For this TYNDP edition, 143 initiatives falling under the categories TRA, LNG and UGS were submitted concerning 24 countries, of which 4 countries1 not being part of the EU.
Some of these countries are part of the Energy Community2 (as contracting parties or observers).
Non-EU projects can in fact be submitted to TYNDP in the below cases:
- Projects at least partially located in one of the TYNDP geographical perimeter countries;
- Supply chain projects bringing additional gas sources to EU border;
- Projects whose promoter is an ENTSOG Observer;
1 Azerbaijan, Bosnia Herzegovina, Turkey, and Turkmenistan.
2 The Energy Community is an international organisation which brings together the European Union and its neighbours to create an integrated pan-European energy market (https://www.energy-community.org/)
However, only six submissions (4 %) of the 143 submissions actually refer to non-EU Member States.
Most of the submitted investments remain focused in the EU countries.
It should also be noted that the high number of submissions is in the context that in some countries, TSOs are required to ensure some consistency between projects included in the National Development Plans and projects included in the ENTSOG TYNDP.
6.4.3 Analysis of projects schedule
Figures 18 and 19 show the distribution of projects included in TYNDP according to the expected (first) commissioning year, also in an aggregated way.
Around 62 % of the submitted initiatives are expected to be commissioned not later than 2025 for a total of 88 investments out of the 143 submitted.
Among these, 77 investments are well underway, presenting FID or Advanced status.
Most of the ones having FID or Advanced status are expected to be commissioned in the next five years.
Feasibility, FEED, Permitting, FID, Construction and Commissioning
As part of the project collection, promoters have to provide information (except for some specific situations) about the projects’ schedules of the main project phases and milestones (Feasibility, FEED, Permitting, FID, Construction and Commissioning).
ENTSOG has analysed these data with the purpose to have an overview on the average duration for each project phase and the average completion date for the main milestones.
In case of the Feasibility Study phase, the start and end dates, either past or expected, have been provided for 107 investments.
The average duration of the Feasibility Study phase for these projects is 13.6 months, with the highest average duration in case of UGS projects (16.5 months) and lowest duration in case of LNG projects (10 months), see figure 20.
85 investments have conducted their feasibility study before the end of the project collection for TYNDP 2022. The remaining 22 investments indicated the end of the feasibility study after the end of the project collection with the latest date in May 2026.
Regarding the FEED phase, the start and end dates, either past or expected, have been provided for 102 investments. The average duration of the FEED phase for these projects is 20 months, with the highest average duration in case of TRA projects (21 months) and the lowest average duration in case of LNG projects (13.3 months). UGS investments have an average duration of 19 months, see figure 21.
52 investments have concluded their FEED phase before the end of the project collection for TYNDP 2022. The 50 investments indicated the end of FEED after the end of the project collection with the latest date in May 2027.
In case of the Permitting phase, the start and end dates, either past or expected, have been provided for 97 investments. The average duration of the Permitting phase for these projects is 38 months, with the highest average duration in case of UGS projects (41 months) and the lowest average duration in case of LNG projects (26.5 months). TRA projects have an average duration of 39 months, see figure 22.
51 investments have completed the permitting phase before the end of the project collection for TYNDP 2022. The 46 investments indicated the end of the Permitting phase after the end of the project collection with the latest date in June 2027.
Regarding the Construction phase, the start and end dates, either past or expected, have been provided for 111 investments. The average duration of the Construction phase for these projects is 30 months, with the highest average duration in case of UGS projects (43.5 months) and the lowest average duration in case of LNG projects (28 months). TRA projects have an average duration of 29 months (see figure 24).
35 Investments have started their construction prior the end of the project collection for TYNDP 2022. From this two have already completed the construction. The remaining 76 investment have foreseen the start of the construction after the end of the project collection with the latest end date in December 2029.
|Status||Completed in TYNDP 2022||FID in |
|Advanced in TYNDP 2022||Less-Advanced in TYNDP 2022||Cancelled/Not-|
|FID (TYNDP 2020)||30||19||0||2||12||63|
|Advanced (TYNDP 2020)||5||6||24||2||23||60|
|Less-Advanced (TYNDP 2020)||1||9||31||52||46||139|
|Status||Completed in TYNDP 2022||FID in |
|Advanced in TYNDP 2022||Less-Advanced in TYNDP 2022||Cancelled/Not-|
|FID (TYNDP 2020)||28||16||0||1||9||54|
|Advanced (TYNDP 2020)||4||5||22||2||23||56|
|Less-Advanced (TYNDP 2020)||0||9||22||25||21||77|
Of the 54 investments submitted for TRA, LNG and UGS already having the FID status in TYNDP 2020:
- 28 were completed;
- 16 are still planned with FID status in TYNDP 2022;
- 1 is still planned but no more FID:
- TRA-N-9543 present in TYNDP 2022 has a Less-Advanced status while in TYNDP 2020 it was FID status. The promoter has changed the status since TYNDP 2020 and indicated a delay in the project based on internal replanning and alignment with matching project on the Italian site (TRA-N-1145)4;
- 9 projects have not been resubmitted (TRA-F-307, TRA-F-949, LNG-F-163, LNG-F-183, TRA-F-592, LNG-F-824, TRA-F-937, TRA-F-1169 and TRA-F-1241).
Of the 56 investments having the Advanced status in TYNDP 2020:
- 4 were completed;
- 6 got the FID after TYNDP 2020 project collection;
- 22 still have the Advanced status;
- 2 moved from Advanced to Less-Advanced mainly because the projects have been delayed or rescheduled (TRA-N-377 and TRA-N-782);
- 23 were not resubmitted (TRA-A-829, TRA-A-21, TRA-A-133, TRA-A-808, TRA-A-136, TRA-A-273, TRA-A-561, TRA-A-621, TRA-A-283, TRA-A-654, TRA-A-12, LNG-A-30, LNG-A-32, LNG-A-79, TRA-A-123, UGS-A-294, LNG-A-295, LNG-A-296, TRA-A-320, TRA-A-950, LNG-A-962, TRA-A-980 and TRA-A-1303).
Of the 77 TYNDP 2020 investments having Less-Advanced status:
- 9 got the FID after TYNDP 2020 project collection;
- 22 moved from Less-Advanced to Advanced status;
- 21 were cancelled/not-resubmitted.
For initiatives having already reached the FID before their submission to TYNDP 2020 (35 investments) the analysis of project submissions shows:
- 13 initiatives whose construction phase is expected to end within 3 years from when the FID was taken;
- 15 initiatives whose construction phase is expected to end within 4 to 7 years from when the FID was taken;
- 1 initiatives whose construction phase is expected to end after more than 7 years from when the FID was taken;
- 6 initiatives did not indicate the expected end of the construction phase.
Most of the FID projects are expected to be completed within four years from when the construction works will start.
The way FID is taken by each promoter may differ. Some may take FID after the granting of permits and some before initiating the permitting procedure. Those permitting procedures often make out the longest phase of the whole project schedule which often lasts more than five years. Therefore, the above analysis is not necessarily indicative of the project lead time for any future projects as there are, among the projects, some small and some very complex ones.
For investments not having gotten the FID yet but presenting an Advanced status (65 projects) the analysis shows:
- 46 investments for which promoters were able to provide the relevant information are expected to be commissioned within five years from when the FID is expected to be taken while other three submissions between six and twelve years;
- An average of almost two years between the year when the construction works are expected to start and when the project is expected to be commissioned.
3 TAG Reverse Flow
4 Export enhancements
Finally, with regards to investments presenting a Less-Advanced status, information may not be always fully available or reliable making it effectively impossible to build any statistics.
Figures 26 and 27 illustrate the status of those common projects according to TYNDP 2020 and TYNDP 2022 submissions. The charts show the share of those projects for which a delay has been reported regarding their expected commissioning date and the length of this delay.
Among the projects without delay (64 % in total), nine have been submitted with an earlier commissioning date.
More than half of the submissions in TYNDP 2022 have reported experiencing delays since the last edition. Listed below are the main reasons for delays indicated by project promoters:
- Worsened and uncertain market conditions
- Delays in permitting/authorisations from competent authorities
- Lack of coordination between hosting countries/political uncertainties
- Delays in contract award procedure and/or procurement process
- Lack of funds/financing
- Interdependencies with other (delayed) projects;
- Delay following findings from concluded pre-feasibility study
6.4.4 Investment costs
Investment costs are for project promoters in many cases commercially sensitive information and might have the potential to negatively affect the competitive position of project promoters vis-à-vis contractors.
As part of the transparency process adopted, ENTSOG has collected information from promoters on indicative investment costs for all submitted projects.
In line with the ENTSOG Practical Implementation Document, the cost data submitted by the project promoters for the projects to be included in the TYNDPs is made public by ENTSOG unless the data is deemed confidential by the respective project promoters.
However, the values shown in figures 28 and 29 are based only on cost information provided as non-confidential by Promoters.
The highest share of costs is represented in the advance status (66 %) while the share of advanced project for TRA, LNG and UGS is only around 45 %.
Transmission projects, representing also the majority of the submitted projects (76 %), cover 90 % of the total costs. According to project promoters’ submission, investments are highly concentrated in 2025 – 2028 (with a peak in 2025 of more than 10 billion €), with around 74 % of the total expected cost to be experienced in those years (see figure 30).
6.4.5 TYNDP 2022 submissions and National Development Plans
According to Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No. 715/2009, the Community-wide network development plan is required to build on national investment plans. This does not prevent, from a legal perspective, projects being submitted to the TYNDP although they are not part of a national development plan (NDP), being the TYNDP a non-binding exercise.
Following ACER recommendation, project promoters have been requested to always indicate if their initiatives are part of the NDP. If not, the project promoters had to indicate the reason for its project not being part of the NDP.
Furthermore, ENTSOG initiated a feedback loop with ACER and National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) to collect relevant feedback and comments.
|Country||Part of NDP||NOT Part of NDP|
|Country||Part of NDP||NOT Part of NDP|
For the projects reported as not part of any NDP, promoters have generally indicated one of the following reasons:
- The NDP was prepared at an earlier date and the project will be proposed for inclusion in the next NDP edition5;
- No NDP exists in the country where the project will be built;
- The operators are not required to prepare and publish an NDP.
The provided reasons show that, in most of the cases, a project is not part of any NDP for reasons lying outside the control of the project promoters himself. For further details, please refer to TYNDP 2022 Annex A.
5 It should be noted that the second project collection took place seven months after the first one, therefore it might be that the new projects submitted in June 2022 were not included in their respective NDPs
6.5 TYNDP 2022 Projects being Part of the 5th PCI List
Every TYNDP edition ENTSOG collects information also related to projects having already the PCI status and projects that intend to apply to the following PCI selection process (see section 7.6).
While the initial Project Collection for TYNDP 2022 was ongoing, European Commission published the 5th PCI List in November 2021. Subsequently ENTSOG needed to review the relevant PCI information and when necessary updated the information accordingly to be in line with the 5th PCI List.